Gudi Padwa is a spring-time festival that marks the traditional new year for Marathi Hindus. It is a major festival for Maharashtra and Goa and falls on the first day of the Chaitra month (The first month of the year in the Hindu Calendar falls in either March or April) to mark the beginning of the New year.
The festival is observed with colourful floor decorations called rangoli, a special Gudhi flag (garlanded with flowers, mango, and Neem leaves, topped with upturned silver or copper vessel), street processions, dancing, and festive foods.
First day of the Hindu New Year
Gudi Padwa is the first day of Chaitra month that denotes the start of the New Year as per the lunisolar Hindu schedule.
It is the Hindu’s first January or New Year. However, this is not the universal new year for all Hindus. For some, such as those in and near Gujarat, the new year festivities coincide with the five-day Diwali festival.
For many others, the new year falls on Vaisakhi between 13 and 15 April, according to the solar cycle part of the Hindu lunisolar calendar, and this is by far the most popular not only among Hindus of the Indian subcontinent but also among Buddhists and Hindus in many parts of southeast Asia. Keep reading for more interesting facts about Gudi Padwa.
On Gudi Padwa, people start the occasion with a customary oil bath, after which they decorate their homes and slip into new clothes. Rangoli, the main attraction of the event, is made using flowers and colours. In the end, the Gudi is put at the main entrance of the house or on a window.
In Andhra Pradesh, this festival is also well-known with the name of Ugadi, assumed to be the first day of the creation of the universe. Hence, Lord Brahma is worshipped on this special day widely.
Represents the transition of two agricultural seasons
Gudi Padwa is a standout among the most well-known collecting celebrations of India that imprints the end of one season and the start of another one.
India has been primarily an agrarian culture where horticulture is the principal occupation.
Celebrates annihilation of Ravana by Lord Ram
Fancifully, this day too commends the annihilation of Ravana in the hands of Lord Rama and his possible upbeat come back to Ayodhya.
The festival is also linked to the mythical day on which Hindu god Brahma created time and universe. According to Anne Feldhaus, in rural Maharashtra, the festival is linked to Shiva’s dance and coming together of the community as they carry the Gudhi Kavads together to a Shiva temple.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj began the tradition
Maharashtra’s Great Warrior, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, was the individual who began the Gudi Padwa festivities after his triumph.
The convention of raising the Gudi was started by Shivaji and from that point on has been trailed by each Marathi family unit to welcome the New Year.
Purifying body and soul
The merriment is seen by individuals taking part in spring cleaning and wearing new garments.
Families should start this day by eating clashing leaves of Neem tree or glue which is set up with neem leaves, jaggery, and tamarind.
The glue is accepted to purge blood and fortify the body’s resistant framework.
An auspicious day for shopping
Shopping and festival are two sides of same coin. However, shopping is an important aspect of this Hindu festival called Gudi Padwa.
Gudi Padwa is considered as the beginning of Hindu New Year and an auspicious time to buy new things. Read on to know more about what you can buy on the occasion of Gudi Padwa.
Apart from buying things, people also buy sweets and gifts for friends and relatives. Women draw Rangoli in front of main entrance of house and install traditional Gudi.
Special Gudi Padwa feast is prepared which includes Puran Poli and Shrikhand for starting New Year with a blast.